According to 2018 Economic Survey by Government of India, the real estate and construction sector is set to add 15 million jobs over the next five years. The sector employs over 52 million people and is the second largest employment provider in the country, barring agriculture with about estimated 15 million migrant children as per the UNESCO report of 2013.
    Even though the number of female workers is low, the absolute number of female workers was nearly 7.6 million in 2011-12. Migration robs them of the support of their social network and the support of extended family to help with childcare.
    Children of construction workers suffer due to poor living conditions at construction site. It has been seen that as children grow older, they miss out on pre-school education and their enrolment in primary education is delayed. A 2013 survey by the NGO Aide et Action and Bernard van Leer Foundation, found that 80% among migrant children living in worksites don’t go to school. The survey was held among 3500 migrant households across seven cities – Delhi, Chennai, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Guwahati, Patna and Bhopal. The study also found 40% of the children working in hazardous occupations like construction and stone crushing. 90% were excluded from benefits available under the government’s Integrated Child Development Services scheme (ICDS).

    We recommend provision of crèche facilities at worksites

    Children of construction workers are known to have very poor access to health; pre-primary and primary education; sanitation and nutrition services and as the scale is large, Mobile Creches scaled up its’ standard day care model in other cities or towns of India by developing other partner NGOs for implementation on the ground so as to reach out to many more vulnerable populations of children at construction sites.
    The young migrant children are almost invisible to local administration and the government as they move constantly with their families and belong to socially excluded and poorer sections of the society which lack a voice to demand their own rights and entitlements. Few schemes are there and a better convergence is required across departments for effective reach out to these groups. With this regional consultation, we are looking at how labour welfare board and aligned departments can step up further to protect rights of children of construction workers for survival, protection and development along with other CSOs and CSR partners already working on the ground.
    In every place wherein, more than fifty female building workers are ordinarily employed, there shall be provided and maintained a suitable room or rooms for the use of children under the age of six years of such female workers. (2) Such rooms shall— (a) provide adequate accommodation; (b) be adequately lighted and ventilated; (c) be maintained in a clean and sanitary condition; (d) be under the charge of women trained in the care of children and infants”

    Source: The Building And Other Construction Workers (Regulation Of Employment And Conditions Of Service) Act, 1996 Act No. 27 Of 1996